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Flora, Fauna and Conservation

Flora is basically the plant life that is present in a particular region or habitat or at a particular time and fauna is the animal life that is present in a particular region or habitat or at a particular time. Biodiversity is a very large topic and somewhat difficult to define adequately in only a sentence or two. In the very simplest terms, “biodiversity” means the diversity of life on our planet, which includes genetic diversity, species diversity, and habitat diversity. U.S. Congress Office of Technology Assessment has defined bodiversity as “Biological diversity is the variety and variability among living organisms and the ecological complexes in which they occur. Diversity can be defined as the number of different items and their relative frequency. For biological diversity, these items are organized at many levels, ranging from complete ecosystems to the chemical structures that are the molecular basis of heredity. Thus, the term encompasses different ecosystems, species, genes, and their relative abundance.” The area of flora, fauna and biodiversity is quite interrelated. Flora and fauna forms a major part of biodiversity.

India is a land of varied flora, fauna and biodiversity. India is one of the twelve megadiverse nations of the World. Two of India’s great mountain ranges, the Eastern Himalayas and the Western Ghats have been designated among the world’s eighteen ‘hotspots’ of biodiversity. But In the last few decades we have seen a steady increase in the extinction rate of flora, fauna etc. all over world including India and so now, conservation of biological diversity is of paramount importance to the survival of man. Conservation of biological diversity leads to conservation of essential ecological diversity to preserve the continuity of food chains. The genetic diversity of plants and animals is preserved. It ensures the sustainable utilisation of life support systems on earth. It provides a vast knowledge of potential use to the scientific community. A reservoir of wild animals and plants is preserved, thus enabling them to be introduced, if need be, in the surrounding areas. Biological diversity provides immediate benefits to the society such as recreation and tourism. Biodiversity conservation serves as an insurance policy for the future.

S.No. Name & Address Contact Person
Name & Email Ids
Subject Area Subnetwork Area
1 Botanical Survey of India(BSI)
CGO Complex, 3rd MSO Building,
Block F, 5th-6th Floor, DF Block, Sector I,
Salt Lake City
Kolkata-700 064, West Bengal
Phone : 033-23346040/4963,23213848
Fax : 033-23215631
Email Id : bsi_headquarter@rediffmail.com
ENVIS URL : www.envisbsi.org
Dr. M. Sanjappa - Director
Dr. M.S. Mondal - ENVIS Coordinator
Email Id : envis@cal2.vsnl.net.in
Floral Biodiversity Flora, Fauna and Conservation
2 Centre for Advanced Studies in Marine Biology(CASMB)
Annamalai Unniversity
Parangipettai
Parangipettai-608 502, Tamil Nadu
Phone : 04144-243223,243533
Fax : 04144-243555
Email Id : director@aucasmbenvis.org
ENVIS URL : aucasmbenvis.org
Org. URL : annamalaiuniversity.ac.in/
Prof. T. Balasubramanian - Director and Centre Incharge
Email Id : stbcas@eth.net
Mangroves, Estuaries, Lagoons, Coral Reefs Flora, Fauna and Conservation
3 Department of Zoology - University of Madras
Life Science Building,
Guindy Campus,
Chennai-600 025, Tamil Nadu
Phone : 044-22300899
Fax : 044-22301003
Email Id : envis@unom.ac.in
ENVIS URL : www.envismadrasuniv.org
ENVIS URL : www.dzumenvis.nic.in
Org. URL : www.unom.ac.in
Prof. N. Munusamy - Professor
Email Id : nmunuswamy@yahoo.com
Micro-organisms and environmental management Flora, Fauna and Conservation
4 Forest Research Institute(FRI)
Indian Council of Forestry Research Edu
New forest - P.O.
Dehradun-248006, Uttaranchal
Phone : 0135-2756414
Fax : 0135-2756865
Email Id : kaushikshail@yahoo.com
ENVIS URL : www.frienvis.nic.in
Org. URL : www.icfre.org
Dr. P.P. Bhojvaid - Director
Mr. Shalindra Kaushik - ENVIS Coordinator
Email Id : kaushiks@icfre.org
Forestry Flora, Fauna and Conservation
5 Foundation for Revitalization of Local Health Traditions (FRLHT)
74/2, Jarakbande Kaval,
Yelahanka, via Attu PO,
Bangalore-560 064, Karnataka
Phone : 080-28565890,28565873
Fax : 080-28565895
Email Id : s.ajith@frlht.org.in
ENVIS URL : envis.frlht.org.in
Org. URL : www.frlht.org.in
Dr. Darshan Shankar Conservation of Medicinal Plants Flora, Fauna and Conservation
6 National Botanical Research Institute(NBRI)
Rana Pratap Marg
Lucknow-226 001, Uttar Pradesh
Phone : 0522-2205842/303,2205839
Fax : 0522-2205847
Email Id : p.pushpangadan@nbri.res.in
ENVIS URL : www.envisnbri.com
Org. URL : www.nbri-lko.org
Dr. P. Pushpangadan - Director
Dr. H.M. Behl - ENVIS Coordinator
Email Id : hmbehl@neem.net
Indicators of Plant Pollution Flora, Fauna and Conservation
7 State Council of Science and Technology for Sikkim Deorali,
Gangtok-737 102, Sikkim
Phone : 03592-229703,205551
Fax : 03592-228764
Email Id : dcst@rediffmail.com
ENVIS URL : scstsenvis.nic.in
Shri. O.P. Singhi - Secretary,
Dept. of Science & Technology

Mr. Tzangpo Bhutia - ENVIS Coordinator
Email Id : dst_04@hotmail.com
Ecotourism Flora, Fauna and Conservation
8 Wildlife Institute of India (WII)
PO Box NO. 18, Chandrabani
Dehradun-248001, Uttaranchal
Phone : 0135-2640910
Fax : 0135-2640117
Email Id : dwii@wii.gov.in
ENVIS URL : www.wii.gov.in/envis/
Org. URL : www.wii.gov.in
Dr. S. Singsit - Director
Dr. V.B. Mathur - ENVIS Coordinator
envis@wii.gov.in
Wildlife and Protected Area Management Flora, Fauna and Conservation
9 Zoological Survey of India (ZSI)
Prani Vigyan Bhawan
M Block, New Alipur
Kolkata-700053, West Bengal
Phone : 033-24003925
Fax : 033-24006893
Email Id : dirzsi@wb.nic.in
ENVIS URL : www.enviszsi.org
Dr. J.R.F. Alfred - Director
Dr. Sanyal - ENVIS Coordinator
Email Id : coordinator@enviszsi.org
Faunal Biodiversity Flora, Fauna and Conservation

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